Principle of Irremovability of Judges: Judicial Independence in Hungary
Keywords:Judicial independence, irremovability of judges, legal norm of European Union, Constitutional Court
Principle of irremovability of judges is a norm of judicial independence not only in the EU framework but also in the international level.Judges of the Supreme Courts or the Constitutional Court are still removed even in the modern and developed countries. It is deeply related to the lack of independence of the judiciary in Europe and beyond Europe too.
Results and Conclusion
The results of the work can be applied in some countries that have not linked each other with regional integration policy ( like Myamar and ASEAN Countreies). The functions of the Constitutional Court are needed to be updated to protect the fundamental rights effectively in national level and the judiciary should be free from the influence of the legislature and the executive.
To learn the best solution for the reconcilement among the three great branches of the government, especially to respect the independence of the judiciary and the principle of irremovability of judges widely accepted as not only international standards but also EU noem.
Act CLXII of 2011 on the Legal Status and the Remuneration of Judges, (2013). Available at: https://hunconcourt.hu/kozlemeny/the-constitutional-review-of-the-act-on-the-organisation-and-administration-of-the-courts-and-the-act-on-the-legal-status-and-remuneration-of-the-judges/.
Cannoot, P. (2016). Baka v. Hungary: Judicial Independence at risk in Hungary’s new Constitutional reality. Available at: https://strasbourgobservers.com/2016/07/12/baka-v-hungary-judicial-independence-at-risk-in-hungarys-new-constitutional-reality.
Consolidated Version of The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, (2008). Official Journal of the European Union. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/.
Council of the European Union, (2018). Sanctions: how and when the EU adopts restrictive measures. Retrieved 16 April 2019. Available at: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/sanctions/.
Detre, L. (2019). Lecture on the Functioning of the Court and recent decisions, (Counselor, Constitutional Court), Constitutional Court, Budapest. Szechenyi Istvan University: Gyor, Hungary.
EU Directive 78/2000/EU, (2000). Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0078:EN:HTML.
European Commission For Democracy Through Law, (2012). The Transitional Provision to the Fundamental Law of Hungary. Available at: https://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/default.aspx?pdffile=CDL-REF(2012)018-e.
European Commission v. Hungary C-286/12, (2016). Avaliable at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=129324&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=lst&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=7612094.
Hungary’s Constitution of 2011, (2019). Retrieved 10 February 2019. Available at: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Hungary_2011.pdf.
Hungary: Act CLI of 2011 on the Constitutional Court (2011). Available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/4c345b5b2.html.
Somody, B., Vissy, B. (2011). Citizen’s Role in Constitutional Adjudication in Hungary: from the Actio Popularis to the Constitutional Complaint. Available at: https://www.ajk.elte.hu/file/annales_2012_05_SomodyVissy.pdf.
Szalbot, B. (2019). Essay on Constitutional Complaint in Hungary. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/21638505/Constitutional_complaints_in_Hungary.
The Constitutional Court of Hungary (1990). ABH Constitutional Court Decision. Available at: https:hunconcourt.hu/.
Townley, Ch., (2019). United in Diversity: Why we need less (not more) uniformity in (national and EU) competition policy and environment in Europe. Retrieved 15 June 2019. Available at: https://eulawenforcement.com/?p=1004.
United Nations (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Right. Retrieved 23 April 2019. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/udhr/documents/udhr_translations/eng.pdf.
Vincze, A. (2014). Judicial Independence and Its Guarantees Beyond the Nation State-Some Recent Hungarian Experience. Journal of the Indian Law Institute, 56 (2), 202-215.
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. All authors agree for publishing their email adresses, affiliations and short bio statements with their articles during the submission process.