Psychological analysis of sociogram and biographical method for investigating parents of children with special educational needs

  • Bohdana Andreyko Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv 1, Universytetska St., Lviv, Ukraine
  • Iryna Subashkevych Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv 1, Universytetska St., Lviv, Ukraine
Keywords: Biographical method, children with disabilities, emotional states, psychological counselling, special psychology

Abstract

Aim. In order to provide psychological counselling, it is necessary to properly diagnose and study the psycho-emotional states, psychological makers of parents raising children with special educational needs (SEN).

Methods. In the diagnostic and practical work with parents of children with SEN, we used the text analysis method and the biographical method (including projective techniques lifeline, my autobiography), which combine diagnostic and psychotherapeutic scientific results. Family sociogram technique (Eidemiller, 2002) and its modified version (Tkachova, 2014) are used to study interpersonal family relationships and the nature of communication. The article analyses the scientific data and approaches to the study of problems faced by parents, arising from the condition of their child; emotional states of parents raising a child with SEN; stage of experience of the birth of their child.

Results. Intervention is focused on the present and future. If the experience of the past comes up, it is used for the benefit of achieving certain goals. An important result of the study to be worked on is that parents of special children mention only their family and children, but forget about their own wellbeing. Children with SEN are surrounded by care and love, parents seek symbiotic relationships with children trying to satisfy all their needs, protect from difficulties, offer boundless love and sometimes over-protection.

Conclusion. Knowledge of psychological stages identified within the theory of grief helps professionals understand when and how it is better to intervene in the situation taking into account the characteristics of a particular family and individual reactions.

Author Biographies

Bohdana Andreyko, Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv 1, Universytetska St., Lviv, Ukraine

Candidate of Psychological Sciences (PhD Psychology, degree Doctor of Philosophy), Associate Professor of the Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine.

Scientific interests: Special Psychology; Correctional Pedagogy, Psychological Counseling, Psychological Service, Correctional Pedagogy.

Iryna Subashkevych, Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv 1, Universytetska St., Lviv, Ukraine

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Special Education and Social Work Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine.

Scientific interests: Special Psychology; Social Psychology; Psychology of Social Work; Mediapsyhological factors in the formation of the value-semantic sphere of students.

References

Andreyko, B. V. (2016). The emotional state of parents in the structure of the stages of the experience of having a child with developmental disabilities. Journal of Education, Culture and Society, 6(2), 150-157. doi:10.15503/jecs20162.150.157

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Eidemiller, E. (2002a). Psychology and psychotherapy of a family. St. Petersburg: Peter.

Eidemiller, E. (2002b). Family Sociogram Test. Retrieved March 20, 2020 from: http://dytpsyholog.com/2015/03/24/

Moshkova, B. (1994). Biographical method and the problem of personality of a scientist. Psychology Issues, 2, 131-141.

Ostrovska, K. O., & Andreyko, B. V. (2017a). Psychotherapeutic work with parents of children with special needs using short-term problem focused Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT). Psychological journal. Scientific and practical journal of the G. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the NAPS of Ukraine, 1(5), 5-17.

Ostrovska, K. O., & Andreyko, B. V. (2017b). Statistical results of the effectiveness of the program of psychological services for parents of children with special needs in “peer support” groups. Psychological journal. Scientific and practical journal of the G. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the NAPS of Ukraine, 5(9), 117-128.

Tkachova, V. (2014). The family of a child with disabilities: diagnostics and counselling. Moscow: National Book Centre.

Published
2020-09-11
How to Cite
Andreyko, B., & Subashkevych, I. (2020). Psychological analysis of sociogram and biographical method for investigating parents of children with special educational needs. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 11(2), 114-120. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2020.2.114.120