Architectural design contest with social participation as a part of building culture in Europe

Keywords: architecture, building culture, bakultur, architectural design contest, architectural competition, social participation, public procurement

Abstract

Thesis. The culture of organising architectural competitions has a long tradition in Europe. The architectural desgin contest is used as a democratic tool for selecting the best design solution. In today’s European building culture there is a constantly growing need for the social input into the  design process. In effect, architectural competitions are facing changes. On the one hand, an architectural design contest needs to fulfill the EU’s legal frames. On the other hand, the traditional forms of competions are questioned by society, that is searching for a more transprent selection process.

Methods. The study shows the concept of the building culture (Baukultur) as an ideological background of all the building activity in Europe. It describes the role of an architectural competition as an instrument for the high quality development. The author shows current legal frameworks for the design contests included in the EU directives and presents different competition practices in Europe with a focus on Poland.

Results. There are not many examples of architectural competitions that anticipate the social input. It is an effect of not adjusted procurement law. Nevertheless, some exceptions have already been made.

Conclusions. The main difficulty in architectural design contest with social participation is the need of maintaining the legal framework  based on the anonymity of the participant. The social input in the case hampers the preservation of this condition, hence various attempts to modify the existing, traditional formulas.

Author Biography

Maciej Wojciech Kowalczyk, Faculty of Architecture at Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maciej Kowalczyk graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at Warsaw University of Technology (WAPW) and ETH Zurich (MAS ETH Housing). Since 2017 PhD student at WAPW. Interested in the practical side of the profession, particularly in architectural competitions. Besides scientific work, runs architecture office 22ARCHITEKCI as well as works pro publico bono at the Association of Polish Architects (SARP).

References

[1]. Architects’ Council of Europe. (2017). Public Participation in one or two phase Architectural Design Contest. Retrieved from: https://www.ace-cae.eu/policies/
[2]. Chupin, J-P., Cucuzzella, C., & Helal, B. (2015). Architecture Competitions and the Production of Culture, Quality and Knowledge. Montreal: Potential Architecture books.
[3]. Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa. (2017). Competition for the Development of Functional-Spatial Concept for Central Square in Warsaw – comeptition rules and regulations. Retrieved from: http://architektura.um.warszawa.pl/placcentralny.
[4]. Ministers of Culture assembled on the conference on 20-22 January 2018 in Davos, Switzerland. (2018). Davos declaration. Towards a high-quality Baukultur for Europe. Retrieved from: https://davosdeclaration2018.ch/programme/.
[5]. Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (2017). Ustawa Prawo Zamówień Publlicznych [Polish Public Procurement Act]. Retrieved from: http://prawo.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20170001579.
[6]. Stadt Wolfsburg. (2013). Bildungshaus Wolfsburgoffener, zweiphasiger, hochbaulich-freiraumplanerischer Realisierungswettbewerb mit freiraumplanerischem Ideenteil - Auslobung. [Wolfsburg Education House two-phase competition – competition brief]. Retrieved from: https://www.luchterhandt.de/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/130819_169-auslobung_www.
[7]. Szambien, W. (1986). Les projets de l'an II, concours d'architecture de la période révolutionnaire. [Projects of the year II, architecture competitions of the revolution period]. Paris: Ecole nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts.
[8]. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. (2014). Directive 2014/25/EU of the European Parliament and of the council of 26 February 2014 on procurement by entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors and repealing Directive 2004/17/EC. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/FRF/TXT/?uri=celex:32014L0025.
[9]. Oddział Warszawski SARP. (2001). Fragmenty stuletniej historii 1899-1999 ludzie fakty wydarzenia. [Fragments of a hundred year’s history 1899-1999 people facts events]. Warszawa: Oddział Warszawski SARP.
[10]. Oddział Warszawski SARP. (2017). Konkurs na zagospodarowanie Alei Marii Dąbrowskiej w Komorowie [Competition for develpoment of Aleja Marii Dąbrowskiej in Komorów]. Retrieved from: http://konkurs-alejamd.sarp.warszawa.pl/regulamin-konkursu/.
Published
2018-09-05
How to Cite
Kowalczyk, M. (2018). Architectural design contest with social participation as a part of building culture in Europe. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 9(2), 195-200. Retrieved from https://e-journals.pl/index.php/jecs/article/view/10.15503jecs20182.195.200